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The Rail
Begin your journey on the internet with The Rail. This is junction 1360 on "The Science Expedition".



Transportation of radioactive materials is necessary when the material is produced or used at a site different from where it is processed, stored or disposed. Materials are routinely transported in many countries by road, rail, ship and airplane.

The transportation regulations in most countries are based on various versions of the IAEA "Regulations on the Safe Transport of Radioactive Materials". These regulations stipulate the type of packaging that must be used, the labelling of the package, allowable modes of transport, etc. Generally, the higher the hazard associated with the material, the more stringent the transportation requirements (e.g. transportation packages must be able to withstand conditions such as drop tests from various heights, fire tests, leak test, immersion tests, etc. without releasing the radioactive contents.) "Conventional" transportation regulations also apply in many cases (such as road weight limits).

Some web sites may not be in English. See index here for language codes, such as    JP / EN .


  • Appraisal for Brazil of the Safety of the Transport of Radioactive Material (IAEA)   EN 
  • Appraisal for France of the Safety of the Transport of Radioactive Material (IAEA)   EN 
  • Appraisal for Panama of the Safety of the Transport of Radioactive Material (IAEA)   EN 
  • Appraisal for Turkey of the Safety of the Transport of Radioactive Material (IAEA)   EN 
  • Argonne THM Section (US)   EN 
  • BTS - Bureau of Transportation Statistics (US)   EN 
  • CANUTEC (Canada)   EN / FR 
  • Center for Transportation Analysis (US)   EN 
  • Code of Practice - Safe Transport of Radioactive Materials (Australia)   EN 
  • Directory of Approval Certificates for Shipment of Radioactive Material 2003 Edition (IAEA)   EN 
  • Directory of National Competent Authorities' Approval Certificates for Package Design, Special Form Material & Shipment of Radioactive Material 2004 Edition (IAEA)   EN 
  • DOT - Department of Transport (US)   EN 
  • Globelaw: Materials Relating to the International Transport of Nuclear Waste (US)   EN 
  • Hanford Radioactive Transport & Packaging Program (US)   EN 
  • NAIR - National Arrangements for Incidents Involving Radioactivity (UK)   EN 
  • National Competent Authorities Responsible for Approvals & Authorizations of the Transport of Radioactive Material (IAEA)   EN 
  • National Transportation Program (US)   EN 
  •   NTP Faxback (US)   EN 
  • NTL - National Transportation Library (US)   EN 
  • NTRC - National Transportation Research Center (US)   EN 
  • NUREG-1609 - Standard Review Plan for Transportation Packages for Radioactive Material (US)   EN 
  • Oak Ridge Transportation Technologies Group (US)   EN 
  • PackTram (IAEA)   EN 
  • RadSafe (UK)   EN 
  • RamPac (US)   EN 
  • Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material 1996 Edition - As Amended 2003 - Safety Requirements (IAEA)   EN 
  • Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material, 2005 Edition Safety Requirements (IAEA)   EN 
  • SAFE-RAM - Safety of Radioactive Material Transportation (US)   EN 
  • Radiological Aspects of Non-fixed Contamination of Packages & Conveyances (IAEA)   EN 
  • Safety of Transport of Radioactive Material (IAEA)   EN 
  • SKB - Radwaste Transportation (Sweden)   EN / SE 
  • SSEB Radioactive Materials Transportation Committee (US)   EN 
  • TCSC - Transport Container Standardisation Committee (UK)   EN 
  • TEC - Transportation External Coordination Working Group (US)   EN 
  • TPMO - ORNL Transportation & Packaging Management Organization (US)   EN 
  • Transport of Radioactive Materials: At-a-Glance (UK)   EN 
  • Transportation Assets: Pictures & Fact Sheets Packaging (US)   EN 
  • Transport of Radioactive Materials (Australia)   EN 
  • TRB - Transportation Research Board (US)   EN 
  • TSA - Transportation Security Administration (US)   EN 
  • TSI - Transportation Safety Institute (US)   EN 
  • US Nuclear Waste Shipment Routes (US)   EN 

    Low level waste

  • Dealing with Radioactive Contaminated Scrap Metal Shipments (Canada)
  • DOE Type A Test Program (US)
  • FUSRAP Experience Transporting LLW (US)
  • MAXFORCE Container Concept (Germany)
  • Ontario Power Generation - RadWaste Transportation (Canada)

    Spent fuel, TRU & high level waste

  • Canada Ponders the Japanese-U.S. Agreement on Plutonium Transport (Canada)
  • EWG Nuclear Waste Route Atlas (US)
  • High Level Waste Transport - A Green's perspective (US)
  • INF Code - Int'l Code for the Safe Carriage of Packaged Irradiated Nuclear Fuel, Plutonium & High-Level Radioactive Wastes on Board Ships (International)
  • Japanese Waste Shipments From Europe (Australia)
  • Kernkraft Wissen (Germany)
  • London Nuclear Waste Trains Investigative Committee (UK)
  • Midwestern Radioactive Materials Transportation Project (US)   EN 
  • NCSL - State Role in Spent Fuel Transportation Safety (US)
  • Nevada Nuclear Waste Transport Issues (US)
  • NM WIPP Transportation Safety Program (US)
  • Northeast High-Level Radioactive Waste Transportation Project (US)
  • NRC Fact Sheet - Transportation of Spent Fuel (US)
  • Nukleartransporte sind sicher (Germany)
  • Packaging & Transporting Nuclear Fuel Waste (Canada)
  • Sandia Transportation Technology Program (US)
  • Surface contamination of nuclear spent fuel transports (Switzerland)
  • Swedish Spent Fuel Transporter (Sweden)
  • Transport of HLW & Spent Nuclear Fuel to Yucca Mountain (US)
  • Transport of Nuclear Wastes (Australia)
  • Truck Shipment Routes to the WIPP (US)   EN 
  • WIPP Waste Transportation Program (US)
  • WVDP Spent Nuclear Fuel Program (US)

    Other resources

  • NIRS - Radwaste transport (US)
  • Nuclear Transports in Britain (UK)
  • The TRAM (US)
  • The Transport Web (UK)
  • (US)
  • T-REX Virtual Library (US)
  • VOHMA - Vessel Operators Hazardous Materials Association (US)
  • WNTI - World Nuclear Transport Institute (International)


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    (This page last updated 2009-02-11).